Orquídeas da Chapada Diamantina
by Antonio Toscano | Phillip Cribb


Number of pages: 400

Size: 23 x 32cm

Editora Nova Fronteira (Editor)

Orquídeas da Chapada Diamantina is an important survey of the species occurring in this region. It is essential in the library of any nursery, researcher, orchidist, orchidologist, Botanist students, orchid societies and for people for admire the Brazilian flora in general.
Book written by the Botanists Antonio Toscano de Brito & Phillip J. Cribb and presented in a de luxe edition, hard cover, with 400 pages showing at about 140 color photos by Calil Elias Neto, 135 pen-and-ink drawings
and 15 watercolors by the artist Paulo Ormindo.


A. L. V. Toscano de Brito is a botanist and got his doctorate degree at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England, under Phillip Cribb orientation.

His first contact with Chapada Diamantina was in 1989 when he got an invitation from this institution to write the chapter about the Orchidaceae in the book Flora of the Pico das Almas. Curiosity arose, he has been doing a detailed survey of the orchids in all this region.

Between the 175 species (distributed among 65 genera) now recognized for this region, 127 are presented in the book which has botanical descriptions, a complete list of synonyms and detailed morphological and taxonomical discussion, on the other hand it is accessible for non expert reader who is interested in the richness of Brazilian flora specially Orchidaceae. New species discovered for this region are included in this publication mainly the outstanding-flower Sobralia sp (being described) and Sarcoglottis riocontensis Smidt e Toscano.
With an occurrence estimated at 300 species, the diversity of the genera grows there shows also the richness of the climate allowing even the presence of plants which are abundant in the mountains regions of the southeast such as Pleurothallis species.
The checklist brings more than species of this genus, as well as Bulbophyllum and Habenaria, almost 10 Cleistes and Cyrtopodium species, 8 Maxillaria. Besides, of of course, the consecrated Cattleya amethystoglossa Linden & Rchb. f, Cattleya elongata Barb. Rodr. (it is so abundant that Toscano de Brito considers it should be the orchid-symbol of the region), Laelia (Sophronitis) bahienses Schltr. pfisteri Pabst & Senghas, Sobralia liliastrum and also terrestrial such as Sacoila lanceolata.

Chapada Diamantina is already known by the Brazilian orchidist circle mainly because of the endemic plants which grow there or have there their most rich habitat, such as Laelia sincorana Schltr. [Sophronitis sincorana (Schltr.) Van den Berg & Chase - Serra do Sincorá, at 1.300m altitude], Laelia (Sophronitis) x mucugense Miranda (natural hybrid between Laelia bahiensis Schltr. x Laelia pfisteri Pabst & Senghas), Cattleya tenuis Campacci & Vedovello e C x tenuata V. P. Castro & Campacci ex Braem (apparently endemic).

The general introduction for the Chapada da Diamantina is done by Raymond Harley (RGK) and gives us an excellent idea of the geography approaching the climate, landscape, vegetation, geology explaining the contrasts, talking about the sources, about the horizontal beds of arenite (so peculiar, also known as tepuis), high rupestrian fields, fluvial systems, green exuberance and so on.
Located in the state of Bahia, it is part of the mountain ridge know as Serra do Espinhaço, with more than 1.000km long (from Ouro Preto - Minas Gerais until Jacobina - Bahia).
The higher altitude exceeds 2.000m and is settled in the northeast region which has a complex climate bring a rich variety of flora and, in particularly, Orchidaceae (R. M. Harley, Introduction).


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