Tribe: Epidendrae
Subtribe: Laelinae

 

In l828, the genus Encyclia has been described by Hooker who published in Botanical Magazine but only in 1914, the revaluation of it has been proposed by Schlecther.
In l838, the genus Prosthechea has been proposed and described by Knowles & Westc. However it was not used until l997 when it has been reestablished by W.E. Higgins.

All the controversy raised around those genera makes us to return at the begging of the orchids classification, with Linnaeus when he established, in 1753, the genus Epidendrum (which means living on the trees) sheltering a great number of plants which were, morphologically, really different. Thus, he, as many others who became after him, put a great number of orchids inside this genus. During the centuries, with the improvement of the studies, new genera have been created and the species have been transferred to do part of genera more adequate to their characteristics. For example, it happened to Cattleya amethystoglossa initially described as Epidendrum amethystoglossum, with Cattleya dolosa, Cattleya aurantiaca and so on.
Many genera had already have their species as belonging to the genus Epidendrum and many species of Stelis, Vanilla, Oncidium, Schomburgkia, Cochleanthes, Coryanthes, Cyrtopodium, Sophronitis, Lockhartia, Bletia, had already belonging to this genus.

With all those modifications, little by little, only the species really close remained inside the genus Epidendrum, the most distant migrated to a more adequate genus. Therefore, many species that have been, lately, transferred to the genus Encyclia (and, some, subsequently to Prosthechea) stayed there for long time, which disagreed many botanists and orchidologists. Although they recognized the proximity of the species, they saw differences enough to do new modifications and went on their search of new ways to do a more adequate classification. New genera were proposed but many of them did not remain as we can verify in the summary bellow:

In l828, Encyclia Hooker but it remained not accepted until revaluated later by Schlecther.

In l838, Prosthechea Knowles & Westc. but not accepted.

In 1841, Heynold adapted a name proposed by Lindley (from Epidendrum subg. Hormidium Lindl.), Hormidium and inside it put just one only species [Hormidium uniflorum (Lindl.) Heynh, nowadays Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins]. After that and, until l982, some species have been successively included in this genus but they remained known as Epidendrum or Encyclia.

In l842, the genus Anacheilium has been proposed by Reichenbach (ex Hoffmanns) but it stayed as synonym.

In 1914, Schlechter proposed the revaluation of the genus Encyclia Hook "...transferring to it plants with an entirely or partially free, generally tri-lobed labellum adhering to the column and little developed clinandrum..."(Guido J. F. Pabst, José Luiz de Araujo Moutinho& Antonio Ventura Pinto, em Reestablishing of the genus Anacheilium Hoffmgg and revision of the genus Hormidium Lindl. ex Heynh.).

In 1939, Acuña try to revalidate the genus Anacheilium Rchb. (ex Hoffmanns) and transferred Epidendrum fragrans Sw. to this genus as Anacheilium fragrans (Sw.) Acuña. Once again, this nomenclature is not adopted.

In l952, Hoehne transferred Epidendrum tripartitum Vell. as Encyclia tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne.

In l955, Lemée transferred Epidredrum fragrans Sw. as Encyclia fragrans (Sw) Lemée.

In l961, Dressler transferred species to the genus Encyclia, such as, for example, Epidendrum pygmaeum Hook which became Encyclia pygmaea (Hook.) Dressler [nowadays Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins].

In l972, Pabst went on with the work and transferred many species before included in the Epidendrum into the genus Encyclia.

In l981, Guido J. F. Pabst, José Luiz de Araujo Moutinho & Antonio Ventura Pinto, reestablished the genus Anacheilium Rchb. ex Hoffmanns and transferred many species into it and did a revision of the genus Hormidium Lindl. Ex Heynh. However Anacheilium remained unknown to most part of the people. They went on calling Epidendrum plants already transferred into this or another genera. As happened as Epidendrum fragrans, vespa and other species.

In l997, reestablishment of the genus Prosthechea Knowles & Westc. by W.E. Higgins.

Between all modifications, the concept of Encyclia is the one which stayed longer but when people got used to the classification of some species inside this genus [specially Encyclia fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins and Encyclia vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins] they have their name changed into Prosthechea.

To confuse a little more, some species are so close one with other that, sometimes, the report of the occurrence is not adequate, we misunderstand one with another. Due to the number of varieties found in the same species and, sometimes, inside the same population, one presume a plant found somewhere is a new species and describe as if was. When the misunderstanding is noticed, a correction with the former name is published and the later name (in general) becomes a synonym. Many times, a botanist, taken for granted an information he receives, he describes (in good faith) as occurring in certain place, as seemed to be happened with Hoehne when he described Encyclia doeringii. This plant has been given to him as if it was native of the state of São Paulo. Later, one realized that the plant does not occur in Brazil and has been described already, so Encyclia doeringii Hoehne turn into synonym. In fact, it is Encyclia cordigera (H.B.K.) Dressler which occurs from México to Venezuela.

For that and another reasons and also because Botany is not an exact science and is in constant mutation that we still expect another modifications. The genus remain controversial and all that transference of species and mainly the question of synonyms did not get a consensus between the orchidologists and botanists. In our list, we consider the studies done by Vitorino Paiva Castro Neto and Marco Antonio Campacci published in Icones Orchidacearum Brasiliensis I and posterior publications.

Briefly what distinguishes Encyclia from Prosthechea is the lip which is solded at the base of the column in the first one and in the second, it solded until the middle of the column. In Encyclia, the anther is laterally adhered and in Prosthechea the polineas are up encased forming a third element.





Distribution of the genus Encyclia Hook



advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade AL, BA, ES, MG, MT, PB, PE, PI, RJ, SE
albopurpurea (Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade PA (*)
alboxanthina Fowl BA - MG
amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr. AL, GO, MG, MT , PA (*)
apuahuensis (Mansf.) Pabst (*) AM
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne ES, GO, MG, MS, MT, PR, RJ, RO, SP, TO
auyantepuiensis Carnevalli & I. Ramírez RR
bohnkiana V. P. Castro & Campacci AL, PE, SE
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt. BA, ES, MG, RJ, SP
bragrancae Ruschi ES, MG
caximboensis L.C. Menezez PA (*)
chapadensis L. C. Menezes GO
chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman AM, PA, PB, PE
cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez AC, GO, MT, RO
dasilvae V. P. Castro & Campacci PA
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr AL, BA, MG, PE, SE
duveenii Pabst MG
edithiana L. C. Menezes AM
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade ES, GO, MG, MT, PA, PE RJ, SP
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade AL,AM, GO, MG, MS, MT, PA, TO
fowliei Duv. BA
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade AL, AM, ES, GO, MG, PA, RJ, SP, TO
ghillanyi Pabst BA
gonzalezii L. C. Menezes GO
granitica Schltr AP, AM, PA, RO
huebneri Schltr. AM (*)
ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. AP, PA (*)
ivonae Carnevali & Romero AM, RR
kundergraberii P. Castro & Campacci BA
meneziana González GO
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr AL, AM, AP, CE, DF, ES, MG,MT, PB, PA, PE, PR, RJ, RN, SC, SP SE
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr AL, AM, BA, DF, ES, GO, MG, MT, PE, SE, SP
oxyphylla Schltr AM (*)
pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne AP, PA, RR
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade AL, BA, ES, MG, PE, PR, RJ, RS, SC, SE, SP
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade ES, MG, PR, RJ, SC, SP
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade AC, AM, AP, BA, MT, PA, PE, RO
rufa (Lindl) Brit. & Millsp RJ (*)
santos-dumontii L.C. Men. DF (*)
seidelii Pabst MG
spiritusanctensis L. C. Menezes ES
tarumana Schltr. AM, AP, PA, RR
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne AL, GO, MT, PE, RS, SP
vellozoana Pabst BA, MG, RJ, SP
viridiflora Hook RJ (*)
tocantinense V. P. Castro & Campacci TO
unaensis Fowl BA
widgrenii Lindl MG, PR (*)
xerophytica Pabst BA
yauaperiensis (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade AM


Natural Hybrids :
Encylaelia x intermedia Miranda [Encyclia seidelii Pabst x Laelia crispata Lindl (Thunb.) Miranda] MG
Encyclia x verboonenii V. P. Castro & Campacci - MG [Encyclia osmantha (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. X Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne] MG
Encyclia x alcardoi Vitorino Paiva Castro Netro e Guy Chiron [Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade e Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne] TO




  (*) Doubt species:

Encyclia albopurpurea (Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
Encyclia amicta Rchb. f. - Probable a hybrid between Encyclia andEpidendrum
Encyclia andrichii L. C. Menezes - Probable Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
Encyclia apuahuensis (Mansf.) Pabst
Encyclia confusa L.C. Menezes - it can be a hybrid between Encyclia patens (Hook.) Porto & Brade and Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
Encyclia caximboensis L.C.Menezes - it can be Encyclia xerophytica Pabst
Encyclia doeringii Hoehne (it does not occur in Brazil) = Encyclia cordigera (H.B.K.) Dressler
Encyclia oxyphylla Schltr (Exsicata lost)
Encyclia huebneri Schltr (Exsicata lost)
Encyclia ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. can be a good species and does not occur in Brazil, it is necessary to find again the plant in order to get a definition about this subject.
Encyclia rufa (Lindl) Brit. & Millsp - it does not occur in Brazil, probable the plant identified as this species is Encyclia pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade.
Encyclia vellozoana Pabst probable - Encyclia cyperifolia orEncyclia tripartita
Encyclia cachimboense L. C. Menezes - probable Encyclia xerophytica Pabst,
Encyclia santosdumontii L.C. Menezes - it can be a hyrid
Encyclia viridiflora Hook does not occur in Brazil, probable the plant found in Rio de Janeiro and identied as this species should be another one.
Encyclia widgrenii Lindl


Distribtion of the genus Prosthechea Knowles & Westc.

alagoensis (Pabst) W.E. Higgins AL, PE
allemanii (Barb. Rodr.) W.E. Higgins MG
allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins ES, MG, SP
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins ES, MG, PR, RJ, RS, SC, SP
caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins BA, MG
calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins ES, MG, MT, RJ, SP
campos-portoi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins ES
carrii V.P. Castro Neto & M.A. Campacci BA
faresiana (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins MG
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins PR, RJ, RS, SC
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins AL, AM, BA, CE, ES, MG, PA, PE, PR, RJ, RN RS, SC, SE, SP
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins AL, ES, PE, PR, RS, SC, SP
hoehnei (A.D. Hawkes) W.E. RJ
inversa (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins RJ
kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins ES, RJ, SP
moojenii (Pabst) W.E. Higgins BA, MG
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins ES, MG, RJ, RS, SC
pipio (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins MG
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins ES, PR, RJ, SP
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins AL, AM, ES, MG, PE, RN, RJ, SC
regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) W.E. Higgins MG
sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins MG, SP
suzanensis (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins MG, SP
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins AM, BA, CE, ES, GO, MG, MT, PA, PE, PR, RJ, RR, RS, SC, SP


  Distribuition by State




  Acre

Encyclia

cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade

Encyclia randii



 

Alagoas

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
bohnkiana V. P. Castro & Campacci
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne

Prosthechea
alagoensis (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins





  Amapá

Encyclia
granitica Schltr
ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr.
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
tarumana Schltr.


Encyclia oncidioides



  Amazonas

Encyclia

apuahuensis (Mansf.) Pabst
chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
edithiana L. C. Menezes
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
granitica Schltr
huebneri Schltr.
ivonae Carnevali & Romero
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
oxyphylla Schltr.
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
tarumana Schltr.
yauaperiensis (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade


Prosthechea

fragrans
(Sw.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea
(Hook.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia tarumana



  Bahia

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
alboxanthina Fowl
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt.
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
euosma (Rchb. f.) Porto & Brade
fowliei Duv.
ghillanyi Pabst
kundergraberii P. Castro & Campacci
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
vellozoana Pabst
unaensis Fowl
xerophytica Pabst s


Prosthechea
caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
carrii V.P. Castro Neto & M.A. Campacci
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
moojenii
(Pabst) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia fowliei



  Ceará

Encyclia

oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr

Prosthechea

vespa
(Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins





Prosthechea fragans



  Distrito Federal

Encyclia
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
santos-dumontii L.C. Men.



  Espírito Santo

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt.
bragrancae Ruschi
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
spiritusanctensis L. C. Menezes

Prosthechea
allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
bulbosa
(Vell.) W.E. Higgins
calamaria
(Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
campos-portoi
(Pabst) W.E. Higgins
fragrans
(Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins

vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia bragancae







  Goiás

Encyclia

amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
chapadensis L. C. Menezes
cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto &
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto &
gonzalezii L. C. Menezes
meneziana González
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne

Prosthechea

vespa
(Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia argentinensis



  Mato Grosso

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne

Prosthechea
calamaria
(Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia advena



  Mato Grosso do Sul

Encyclia
amicta
(Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade



 

Minas Gerais

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
alboxanthina
Fowl
amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
argentinensis
(Speg.) Hoehne
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt.
bragrancae
Ruschi
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
duveenii Pabst
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
seidelii Pabst
vellozoana Pabst
widgrenii Lindl

Híbridos Naturais
Encylaelia x intermedia Miranda [Encyclia seidelii Pabst x crispata Lindl (Thunb.) Miranda]
Encyclia x verboonenii V. P. Castro & Campacci [Encyclia osmantha (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. X Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne]


Prosthechea
allemanii
(Barb. Rodr.) W.E. Higgins
allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
faresiana (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
moojenii (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
pipio (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) W.E. Higgins
sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins
suzanensis (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins


Encyclia alboxanthina







Encyclia seidelii






Prosthechea faresiana



  Pará

Encyclia
albopurpurea (Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
amicta (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) Schltr
caximboensis L.C. Men
chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
dasilvae V. P. Castro & Campacci
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
granitica Schltr
ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr.
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
tarumana Schltr.

Prosthechea

vespa
(Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins



  Paraíba

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr



 

Paraná

Encyclia
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
widgrenii Lindls
Prosthechea

bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higginss




  Pernambuco

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
bohnkiana V. P. Castro & Campacci
chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne

Prosthechea
alagoensis (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia dichroma



  Piauí

Encyclia
advena
(Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade



  Rio Grande do Norte

Encyclia
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr


Prosthechea
fausta
(Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins



  Rio Grande do Sul

Encyclia
patens
(Hook) Porto & Brade
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne

Prosthechea
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins



  Rio de Janeiro

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt.
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
rufa (Lindl) Brit. & Millsp
vellozoana Pabst
viridiflora Hook

Prosthechea
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
hoehnei (A.D. Hawkes) W.E. Higgins
inversa (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Encyclia bracteata



  Rondônia

Encyclia
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez
granitica Schltr
randii (Barb. Rodr) Pôrto & Brade



  Roraima

Encyclia
auyantepuiensis Carnevali & I. Ramírez
ivonae Carnevali & Romero
pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne
tarumana Schltr.

Prosthechea
vespa
(Vell.) W.E. Higgins



  Santa Catarina

Encyclia
oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
Prosthechea
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins

Prosthechea vespa



  São Paulo

Encyclia
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
bracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Schlt.
doeringii Hoehne - SP
euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade
pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne
vellozoana Pabst

Prosthechea
allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins
suzanensis (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higginss
Encyclia patens


Prosthechea allemanoides



  Sergipe

Encyclia
advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
bohnkianaV. P. Castro & Campacci
dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
patens (Hook) Porto & Brade

Prosthechea
fragrans
(Sw.) W.E. Higgins



 

Tocantins

Encyclia
argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
tocantinense V. P. Castro & Campacci


Híbridos Naturais

Encyclia x alcardoi Vitorino Paiva Castro Netto & Guy Chiron [Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade e Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne]


Encyclia flava








  Synonyms and nomenclatural modifications 



  Encyclia Hook

acicularis (Batem.) Schltr.
=
Encyclia tripartita (Vell.) Hoehne
acuta Schltr.
=
Encyclia chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
advena (Rchb. f. ) Schltr.
=
Encyclia osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
alagoensis (Pabst) Pabst
=
Prosthechea alagoensis (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
almasii (Hoehne) Pabst
=
Prosthechea glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
allemanii (Barb. Rodr.) Pabst
=
Prosthechea allemanii (Barb. Rodr.) W.E. Higgins
allemanoides (Hoehne) Pabst
=
Prosthechea allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
almasii (Hoehne) Pabst
=
Prosthechea glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
amabilis Godefr.
=
Encyclia dichroma (Lindl.) Schltr.
bicornuta Brade
=
Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
brenesii Schltr.
=
Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
bulbosa (Vell.) Pabst
=
Prosthechea bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
burle-marxii Pabst
=
Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
caetensis (Bicalho) Pabst
=
Prosthechea caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
calamaria (Lindl) Pabst.
=
Prosthechea calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
campos-portoi Pabst
=
Prosthechea campos-portoi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
cardimii Pabst & Mello
=
Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
confusa L. C. Menezes
=
Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
dutrai Pabst
=
Encyclia pauciflora (Barb. Rodr.) Pôrto & Brade
ensiformis (Ruiz & Pavón) Mansf.
=
Encyclia cyperifolia (C. Schweinf) Carnevali & I. Ramírez
faresiana (Bicalho) Pabst
=
Prosthechea faresiana (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
flabellifera Hoehne & Schltr
=
Encyclia euosma (Rchb.f.) Pôrto & Brade
fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn) Pabst
=
Prosthechea fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Se.) Lemée
=
Prosthechea fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumaceum (Lind.) Pabst
=
Prosthechea glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
goyazensis L. C. Menezes
=
Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
gravida (Lindl.) Schltr.
=
Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
hoehnei (Hawkes) Pabst
=
Prosthechea hoehnei (A.D. Hawkes) W.E.
hollandiae Fowlie
=
Encyclia advena (Rchb. f. ) C. Porto & Brade
hunteriana Schltr.
=
Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
inversa (Lindl.) Pabst
=
Prosthechea inversa (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
jenischiana (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
=
Encyclia dichroma (Lindl) Schltr
kautskyi Pabst
=
Prosthechea kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
latipetala (C. Schweing.) Pabst
=
Encyclia pachyantha (Lindl.) Hoehne
linearifoloides (Krzl) Hoehne
=
Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
longifolia (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr.
=
Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl) Schltr
lutzembergerii L. C. Menezes
=
Encyclia osmantha (Barb Rodr) Schltr
mapuerense Huber
=
Encyclia tarumana Schltr.
megalanha (Barb. Rodr.) C. Porto & Brade
=
Encyclia advena (Rchb. f.) Pôrto & Brade
meneziana Gonzalez
=
Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
microxanthina Fowlie
=
Encyclia flava (Lindl.) Porto & Brade
moojenii Pabst
=
Prosthechea moojenii (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
odoratissima (Lindl) Schltr
=
Encyclia patens Hook
papilio (Vell.) Pabst
=
Prosthechea papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
pedra-azulensis L. C. Menezes
=
Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
perazolliana Gonzalez = Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
piracanjubensis L. C. Menezes = Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
pipio (Rchb. f.) Pabst = Prosthechea pipio (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
powellii Schltr. = Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
punctifera (Rchb. f.) Pabst = Prosthechea punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
purpurachyla (Barb. Rodr.) Porto & Brade = Encyclia gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Porto & Brade
pygmaea (Hook) Dressler = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) Pabst = Prosthechea regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) W.E. Higgins
ramonensis (Rchb. f.) Schltr. = Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
saltensis Hoehne = Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
sessiliflora (Edwall.) Pabst = Prosthechea sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins
schmdtii L. C. Menezes = Encyclia argentinensis (Speg.) Hoehne
serroniana (Barb. Rodr.) Hoehne = Encyclia patens (Hook.) Porto & Brade
sessiliflora (Edwall.) Pabst = Prosthechea sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins- MG, SP
suzanensis (Hoehne) Pabst = Prosthechea suzanensis (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
thieni Dodson = Encyclia chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
tocantinense V. P. Castro & Campacci = Encyclia gonzalezii L. C. Menezes
tonduziana Schltr. = Encyclia oncidioides (Lindl.) Schltr.
triptera (Brogn.) Dressler = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) Pabst = Prosthechea vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
viridiflava L. C. Menezes = Encyclia chloroleuca (Hook) Neuman
xuxiana Fowlie & Duveen = Encyclia bragrancae Ruschi



Anacheilium Rchb. ex Hoffmanns.

alagoense (Pabst) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea alagoensis (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
allemanii (Barb. Rodr.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea allemanii (Barb. Rodr.) W.E. Higgins
allemanoides (Hoehne) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea allemanoides (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
bulbosa (Vell.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea bulbosa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
caetense (Bicalho) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
calamarium (Lindl.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea calamaria (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
campos-portoi (Pabst) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea campos-portoi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
faresianum (Bicalho) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea faresiana (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
faustum (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea fausta (Rchb. f. ex Cogn.) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Acuña = Prosthechea fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
glumaceum (Lindl )Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea glumacea (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
inversum (Lindl.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea inversa (Lindl.) W.E. Higgins
kautskyi (Pabst) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea kautskyi (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
moojenii (Pabst) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea moojenii (Pabst) W.E. Higgins
papilio (Vell.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea papilio (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
pipio (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins Pabst = Prosthechea pipio (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins = Prosthechea punctifera (Rchb. f.) W.E. Higgins
regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) W.E. Higgins = Prosthechea regnelliana (Hoehne & Schltr.) W.E. Higgins
suzanensis (Hoehne) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea suzanensis (Hoehne) W.E. Higgins
vespa (Vell.) Pabst, Mourtinho & Pinto = Prosthechea vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins (Vell.) W.E. Higgins




Hormidium Heinhld

caetense Bicalho = Prosthechea caetensis (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
crassilabium (Poepp. & Endl.) Brieger = Prosthechea vespa (Vell.) W.E. Higgins
faresianum Bicalho = Prosthechea faresiana (Bicalho) W.E. Higgins
fragrans (Sw.) Brieger = Prosthechea fragrans (Sw.) W.E. Higgins
humile (Cogn.) Schltr. = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
pygmaeum (Hook) Benth. & Hook. = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
pseudopygmaeum Finet = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
sessiliflorum (Edwall) Pabst, Moutino & Pinto = Prosthechea sessiliflora (Edwall) W.E. Higgins
tripterum (Brongn.) Cogn. = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins
uniflorum (Lindl.) Heynh. = Prosthechea pygmaea (Hook.) W.E. Higgins



 

Bibliography:

This list is the result of a extensive research done in the specialized literature and it is not, of course, definitive but it is most updated we could get.

Our special thanks to Vitorino Paiva Castro Neto for his usual disposability to clarify doubts and give us information.

The mainly sources or research were:

- Guido J. F. Pabst, José Luiz de Araujo Moutinho& Antonio Ventura Pinto, Reestablishing of the Anacheilium Rchb. ex Hoffmgg and the revision of the genus Hormidium Lindl. ex Heynh.
- Icones Orchidacearum Brasiliensis I , by Vitorino Paiva Castro Neto and Marco Antonio Campacci

and more:

1) Anna Luiza Ilkiu-Borges, André Luiz de R. Cardoso, Euzamar C da S. Lima, Noé C. B. bom Atzingen    "Carajás uma iniciativa de preservação" Revista Orquidário Volume 13 nº 5.
2) Augusto Fernandes Neves "Ao Longo da Chapada." Revista Orquidário Volume 5 nº 4, l991,
3) Eric A Christenson - Notes on Neotropical Orchidaceae II Lindleyana 11(1):12-26 (1996)
4) Eric A Christenson - Natural Changes in Neotropical Orchidaceae. Lindleyana 2(3): 221-223 (l998)
5) Francisco Miranda, Notas sobre Algumas Novas Espécies de Orquídeas" - Encylaelia. Revista    Orquidário 6 (2): (l992).
6) João Batista F. da Silva "Viajando pela Amazônia I a IV Boletim Caob
7) L.C. Menezes - diversos artigos em Revista Orquidário
8) Luiz de Araujo Pereira, Orquídeas de Alagoas.
9) Luiz de Araujo Pereira, Álbum das Orquídeas de Alagoas, Imprensa Oficial Graciliano Ramos, 2000
10) Pedro Ivo Soares Braga, in Bradea, 170/173- Orquídeas das Campinas da Amazônia Brasileira,  Novas      ocorrências para o Brasil e taxa novas para a Ciência.
11) Pedro Ivo Soares Braga, in Bradea 6(35): 293 (1994) - Orquídeas da Amazônia Brasileira - III
12) Vitorino Paiva C. Neto e Marcos Antonio Campacci , diversos artigos de revista Orquidário e CAOB
13) Vitorino Paiva C. Neto e Marcos Antonio Campacci "Uma Nova Espécie de Encyclia do Estado de      Tocantins" Revista Orquidário Volume 10 nº 3, l996
14) Vitorino Paiva C. Neto e Marcos Antonio Campacci "Uma Nova Espécie de Encyclia do Estado da      Bahia" Revista Orquidário Volume 12 nº 1, l998
15) Revista Orquidário volume 7, nº 3, l993, "Orquídeas do Mato Grosso do Sul"
16) Orquídeas de Carajás = Orchids from Carajás/ Companhia Vale do Rio Doce, pesquisas por Luiz C.      Nepoumuceno, Volmar da Silva Cedivanes, Euzamar C. Silveira, Jair Pereira da Silva, l996.
17) Orchidaceae Brasiliensis - G. F. Pabst & F. Dungs, Alemanha, l977, Vol. I e II.
18) Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide, Dunsterville and Garay, 1979 , 3 volumes
19) Orquídeas do Estado do Espírito Santo, Augusto Ruschi, Ed. Expressão e Cultura, l986
20) Orquídeas do Alto da Serra da Mata Atlântica Pluvial do Sudeste do Brasil, David Miller & Richard      Warren, fotografias Isabel Moura Miller
21) Segundo Encontro Nacional de Orquidófilos e Orquidólogos, Pernambuco- Brasil (Exped)
     Levantamento das Orquidáceas do Nordeste Oriental do Brasil / A survey of the orchids of the Eastern      Brazilian Northeast, Augusto Burle Gomes Ferreira , Orquídeas do Estado do Mato Grosso, José      Guilherme Aires de Lima
22) Orchiids of Brazil - Jim & Barbara McQueen- The World of Orchids 2 - The Text Publishing Company      Melbourne Australia - 1993
23) The illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids edited by Alex Pridgeon - Timber Press. .6


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