A new Brazilian natural hybrid of the Orchidaceae










Cattleya ×calimaniana Campacci
Boletim Caob 65 (28:31) - Jan a Mar 2007
Herba hybrida naturalis inter Cattleya harrisoniana Batem. ex Lindl. et Cattleya schofieldiana Rchb. f. Floribus medis inter haec species. Labellum trilobatum, lobis lateralibus obovatis, lobo apicali reniformi, apice leviter retuso.

Keywords:
Brazil, Espírito Santo, Ibiraçu, híbrido natural, Cattleya harrisoniana, Cattleya schofieldiana, Cattleya x calimaniana.


Introduction

A natural hybrid of the Orchidaceae, genus Cattleya Lindl., new to the Brazilian flora. The brothers Sávio and Keko Caliman found this plant in Ibiraçu, Espírito Santo.

A natural hybrid between Cattleya schilleriana Rchb. f. and Cattleya harrisoniana Batem. ex Lindl., with intermediate characteristics from those plants. Caespitose, epiphytic herb.
Rhizome short. Pseudobulbs bifoliate, 30.0 to 40.0 cm high and 0.7 to 1.0 cm in diameter. Two coriaceous leaves, elliptic, 15.0 cm long and 4.5 cm wide. Inflorescence to 15.0 cm long, 3- flowered. Dorsal sepal oblonglanceolate, 8.0 cm long and 2.2 cm wide; lateral sepals falcate, 5.7 cm long and 2.4 cm wide; petals wide-falcate, 7.0 cm long and 3.0 cm wide; lip 3-lobate, 5.5 cm long and 5.2 cm wide; lateral lobes obovate and midlobe reniform with retuse apex. Sepals and petals green overlaid heavy brown-red except at extreme margins and dotted with dark purple; lateral lobes of the lip externally rose and internally yellow, midline lip vein dark red; midlobe of lip yellow at isthmus and purple over apex. Column white, curved, 2.5 cm long; anther white, 0.4 cm long. Pollinia, 4, typical for the genus, yellow.


Typus: Brazil, Espírito Santo: Ibiraçu, 150 m, 1998, s/n, Sávio et Keko Caliman. Floruit in cultus vere 2006 (october).
Holotypus: SP

Type: Brazil, Espírito Santo: Ibiraçu, 150 m,
1998, Sávio & Keko Caliman, without number.
Flowered in cultivation: Oct. 2006.
Holotype: SP.
Distribution: State of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Flowering: Brazilian Spring, in October.
Habitat: Atlantic rain forest.
Etymology: Named for the brothers Sávio and Keko Caliman who found this natural hybrid.


Discussion
Caliman brothers found this natural hybrid a long time ago. They knew when they collected the plant it was a hybrid. Recently they have become more active in growing orchids and the orchid community and shared their discovery. This plant is a clear example of a natural hybrid between Cattleya harrisoniana Batem. ex Lindl. and Cattleya schofieldiana Rchb. f., expressing phenotypic qualities one would expect from both parents species. The two species are found intermingle in the Ibiraçu region, where the hybrid was found.

Bibliography
• BOLETIM CAOB. Bauru, SP: Coordenadoria das Associações Orquidófilas do Brasil, 1988-2004. Trimestral.
• BRADEA. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Boletim do Herbário Bradeanum, 1969-2002. (sem periodicidade).
• DRESSLER, R. L. Philogeny and classification of the Orchid family. Portland, USA: Dioscorides Press, 1993.
314p.
• HOEHNE, F. C. Iconografia de orchidaceas do Brasil. São Paulo (Estado). Secretaria da Agricultura, 1949. 601p.
• MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN, 2004. Internet http://www.mobot.org
• ORQUIDÁRIO. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: OrquidaRio, Orquidófilos Associados do Rio de Janeiro, 1987-2004. Trimestral.
• PABST, G. F. J., DUNGS, F. Orchidaceae Brasilienses. Hildesheim, Germany: Brücke-Verlag K. Schmersow,
1977. 2v.
• ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS, 2004. Internet http://www.kew.org
• THE INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX, 2004. Internet http://www.ipni.org


(1) Marcos Antonio Campacci
Rua Glória do Goitá, 86 - Sândalo 3
03222-010 - São Paulo, SP
e-mail: campacci@cpo.org.br

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