EC: Electric conductivity
foliar analysis of developed leaves was carried
out, producing the following results:
to the results, Phragmipedium Kovachii grows
in an alkaline soil, with ample drainage,
low in nutrients, with high consumption of
Calcium, Magnesium, as well as Iron.
In may of 2003, 5 adult plants of Phragmipedium
Kovachii were collected and brought in
to cultivation in Lima, Peru. Lima has a mild
climate, the maximum temperature is 30oC and
the minimum is 11oC, the relative humidity
is usually, over 80% year around.
Skies are usually overcast in the winter.
The plants were grown under medium light with
no direct sunlight at any time. In a shade
house without heating,
Wire Baskets of 12-inch diameter lined with
a fine plastic mesh were chosen as containers
as the collected plants carried at minimum
15 growths each... After trying several soil
mixtures, the best’s results were found
using the following materials:
stones, particles of 0.8cm 40%
Fine fir bark 30%
Coarse Perlite 10%
Fine grounded Oyster shells 5%
have a continuous calcium source, 20% of
the stones in the soil mixture are limestone
rocks, while the rest is granite.
As in the habitat a thin layer of Sphagnum
moss is placed on top of the soil mix.
Watering must be done with water with a low
content of total dissolve salts, fewer than
60 ppm is well advised.
The plant should be fertilized once a week
or every two waterings, using a total solution
of 350 ppm of a 15 5 15 fertilizer that carries
8% of Calcium, 2% of Magnesium and microelements
such as Zn, Mn, Fe and B. Additional applications
of Ca and Magnesium
The species is able to flowers year around,
under cultivation... However, is advised to
manage to avoid flowers in the hot months of
the year as the flowers tend to show deformations
and without full development of the flower
The in vitro procedures require of the use
of germination media with a pH over 7 and
a TDS no higher than 1500ppm. The room
temperature is advised to be kept around
The success in the in vitro procedure, lays
mainly in a frequent replating and the addition
of calcium and Magnesium in the media formula.
8 to 14 months after sowing the seedlings,
they should be ready to be put in the nursery
in what we call the deflasking process; the
key for a high rate of survival is a high
humidity environment for no less than 4 weeks
with a gradual reduction to the air humidity
until reach the nursery air humidity.
An application of Silicon and daily feedings
in the first month showed to be very important
for the seedlings to adapt to thee new growing
conditions, day temperatures at this stage
must be around 26ºC and night temperatures