Paulo Roberto Pancotto is an orchidist, graduated in Administration with post-graduation in stock-market. He got involved with orchids since 22 years ago.

Report by
Paulo Roberto Pancotto

"It was a beautiful journey to see Cattleya dormaniana blooming. The walk lasted for ten hours, going up and down, in an area very difficult to be reached and I believe that is the reason for being still safe.  We found a habitat with a good population formed by matured plants and I can say that there were at about 150 plants and a great quantity of small-sized seedlings which means that this small treasure is in perfect balance because its pollinator is active and doing a good job.
Those plants were very well adapted, healthy, with a luxuriant blooming, little variation in the color but, on the other hand, they presented in their floral stems two flowers with same size, which is for the species a great event. They were found in a very humid environment because they were place over a multitude of bromeliads. Those plants are also responsible for a great accumulation of water which is constantly in evaporation.
The luminosity was, in most plants, at about 50%, but, at the same time, we found plants which were at noon completely exposed to the sunbeam. However, due to the great refrigeration supplied by the combination of water from the bromeliads with the heat and ventilation, we haven't seen any plant burnt. This habitat is found at, approximately, 600m altitude."



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Photos: Paulo R. Pancotto






Cattleya dormaniana
(Rchb f.) Rchb. f. 1882


This species has been described as Laelia dormaniana by Rchb. f. in l880, probably due to the fact that it produces two or four extra rudimentary pollinia and Laelia species produce 8 ones
In l882, he transferred to the genus Cattleya
At the beginning, he thought it was a natural hybrid of Cattleya bicolor and Laelia pumila. Latterly the doubt was removed and Cogniaux  (Flora Brasiliensis, Martius, 1898) and, more recently, Dressler & Gillespies (Bulletin AOS - 1960) considered it a valid species.
There are many propositions for the classification of the Brazilian species of Cattleya and, concerning Cattleya dormaniana, they are justified due to the shape of the flowers.
Para Cogniaux (Flora Brasiliensis, Martius, 1898), Cattleya dormaniana it belongs to Cryptochila section, subsection Diphyllae, Series Intermedia.
For Pabst e Dungs (Orchidaceae Brasiliensis - 1975) it would be included inside C. guttata Alliance.
For Fowlie (The Brazilian Bifoliate Cattleyas and Their Color Varieties - 1977) and Carl L. Withner (The Cattleyas and Their Relative - vol. 1 - 1995) it would be included inside the Laelioidea Section.

For Rolfe (Orchid Review - 1895) it would be par of the Cattleya intermedia alliance.
For Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas (Schlechter' s Die Orchideen - 3rd edition - 1981) it would belong to the subgenus Diphyllae, section Intermedia.
It is a endemic species for the state of Rio de Janeiro and Guido Pabst, in the work "As Orquídeas do Estado da Guanabara", published in the magazine Orquídea (September/October 1966) informed that there is a material mentioned as collected by Blunt, in Rio de Janeiro city, between 500 and 700m altitude. In the book "Orchidaceae Brasiliensis" (Band I, 1975), he just mentioned the occurrence for the state of Rio de Janeiro and did not include the old state of Guanabara (Nowadays District of Rio de Janeiro city).
According to Anton Ghillany, this species occurs in a peculiar situation, in the Serra dos Órgãos (Órgãos Mountains) where is found vegetating as saprophyte in dead trunks or in decomposition above 600m (which coincides with Paulo Pancotto), in rainforest extremely humid. However it also grows as epiphyte. Its habitat varies between 600 and 1.000m altitude.

Plant characteristics
The pseudobulbs size varies from 8 to 30cm and have two leaves with good substance. According to David Miller et all (Serra dos Órgãos, Sua História e Suas Orquídeas), this species grows on a specific tree, probably Clusia organensis, in specific and hard to be reached environments.

Floral characteristics
The blooming presents one flower, at the utmost two flowers per spike with good substance and with, approximately, 9cm in width. They arise from green sheath in a 9cm stem. The flowers almost unscented and can reached 8cm diameter when opened. They last less than 15 days.
The type-flower has undulated petals and sepals and are olive-green with brown-reddish margins. The lip is purple and the lateral lobes are pink and cover the column. It presents a fin vertical white blotch. The floral segments are backward projected.
The alba variety was described by L. C Menezes (Boletim CAOB, vol III/2 jan/abril 91) based on two specimens with greenish petals and sepals and entirely white lip. The semi-alba variety has green petals and sepals and the central lobe of the lip is purple and lateral ones are white.
Sergio A. A. de Oliveira, in the article published in CAOB bulletin also mentioned a flamea variety.


C. dormaniana semi-alba (photo: Fernando Terra Manzan)

Cultivation
It is one of the easiest and should be cultivated in a temperate climate, with a cool winter and moderate luminosity. When cultivated in hotter climate, it tends to be weakened and the flowers do not present a good shape with less substance.
It needs to be well watered during the growth period and should have a rest during the winter. As every bifoliate species of Cattleya, due to the cane-like stems, it should not be stayed dry for long time because the stems could be dehydrated and become wrinkled making the recuperation difficult.
Fortnightly apply a nitrogen-fertilizer and do not fertilizer at all during the winter.

Hybrids
There is no register of natural hybrid of the species and just 9 artificial hybrids have been registered.
Cattleya Doinii (x dowiana), Cap Ziglar, Lambeauii (x labiata), Arthuriana (x luteola), Memoria Peter Petty, Lc Porphyrites (x Laelia pumila), Lc Sanderae (x L. xanthina), Lc Claptonensis (x Lc schilleriana) e C. Joan (Lambeauii x C. Fabia)

Synonyms
Laelia dormaniana Rchb f.
Laeliocattleya dormaniana Rolfe


Bibliography:

Hoehne - Iconografia de Orchidaceas do Brasil - Secretaria de Agricultura do Estado de São Paulo
Cogniaux - Flora Brasiliensis, Martius, 1898
Fowlie - The Brazilian Bifoliate Cattleyas and Their Color Varieties
Carl L. Withner - The Cattleyas and Their Relatives - Vol I 
Pabst - As Orquídeas do Estado da Guanabara (revista Orquídea vol 28)
Pabst & Dungs - Orchidaceae Brasiliensis - Band I
Jim & Barbara McQueen - Orchids of Brazil -
L. C. Menezes - Boletim CAOB Ano III -- vol III/2 Jan-abril/91 - Orquídeas Raras 
Sergio A. A. de Oliveira - Boletim CAOB Ano III -- vol III/4 Set-Dezl/91 - Algumas das mais belas Cattleyas bifoliadas, sua história, vairedades e cultivo, parte 2
David Miller et all - Serra dos Órgãos - Sua História e Suas Orquídeas



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