a virtual magazine and its part in the divulgation of the scientific
and horticultural knowledge through the Internet.
by Sergio Araujo and Delfina de Araujo - Brazil
of the site BRAZILIAN ORCHID dated from l996 and in a short time, the
site became a reference in orchidology and orchidophilia in Brazil and
abroad. In spite of the new topics, periodically added and frequent
a actualization the others, the editors felt the necessity of stimulating
the return constant to the site and making it more dynamic as well as
to publish the works done in this area. The answer to those needs was
the edition of the first virtual magazine of orchidophilia and orchidology
ORCHID NEWS, edited exclusively by Sergio Araujo and Delfina Araujo.
Since then more than 24 editions have been put on the Internet accomplishing
the function of helping to make known the works on orchids (done in
Brazil or abroad however mainly about Brazilian species), to redeem
the national orchidophil memory and to stimulate the cultivation. The
editors are not only concerned about the specialist visitant (researcher)
but also the amateur orchidists. So aiming to be an attractive magazine
for both, the topics are diversified. There are scientific works, non
-scientific approaches, scientific drawing and artistic photography,
raising healthy discussions and taking advantage of the Internet as
a modern way of communication in the divulgation of scientific and horticultural
Araujo is graduated in Music at the University of Rio de Janeiro, journalist,
photographer. He has his studio specialized in publicity in Rio de Janeiro,
for more than 20 years. Creator, editor and webmaster of the site Brazilian
Orchids and the on-line magazine Orchid News.
Delfina de Araujo is graduated in Music at the University of Rio de
Janeiro, manager and associated to the photographic studio SERGIO ARAUJO
FOTOGRAFIA, orchidist and orchidologist since 10 years ago, co-editor
of the site Brazilian Orchids and the on-line magazine Orchid News.
Orchids of Southeast
Asia on CD-ROM
by Dr. Ed de Vogel and André Schuiteman - Netherlands
An urgent need exists for easily accessible information on Orchidaceae.
Orchid information is traditionally stored in books. An electronic information
retrieval system has been designed by ETI (Expert Center for Taxonomic
Identification) which can present an interactive multi-entry identification
system and descriptions and other information on taxa, and a few thousand
color photographs and drawings which can be retrieved and even printed.
The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland is producing Orchid publications in
this system on CD-ROM’s, in close co-operation with Papua New
Guinean, English, Danish, Philippine, and Vietnamese Herbaria and Botanic
Present activities involve producing a series of 6 CD-ROMs on the Orchid
genera and Species of New Guinea (2 published), as well as on the orchid
genera of the Philippines (1 published) and Vietnam.
The CD-ROM’s will contain for each taxon a combination of the
following data: the name and synonyms, literature references, a description,
its distribution, drawings, photographs, type(s), notes on cultivation,
etc., with identification keys and a hyperlinked glossary. New insights
will be included, but the main strength of this project is bringing
together the vast quantity of existing data on Southeast Asian Orchidaceae
buried in literature and books.
The versatility and power of this identification system, combined with
the simplicity in use, will be demonstrated by overhead projection with
the three already published CD-ROM’s of the New Guinea series:
Flora Malesiana. Orchids of New Guinea Vol. I: Illustrated checklist
Flora Malesiana. Orchids of New Guinea Vol. II: Dendrobium and
Flora Malesiana. Orchids Flora Malesiana. Orchids of New Guinea Vol.
III: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (excluding
Bulbophyllinae and Dendrobiinae).
Schuiteman is taxonomist currently a staff member of the National Herbarium
of the Netherlands and the main author of the CD-ROM series Flora Malesiana:
Orchids of New Guinea. He visited Tanzania, Colombia, Malaysia, Indonesia
and Papua New Guinea to study the local orchid flora.
Ed de Vogel was until his retirement in 2004 senior researcher at the
National Herbarium of the Netherlands in Leiden. He has done fieldwork
throughout Indonesia as well as Malaysia, the Philippines and Brunei.
He was founder and editor of the now discontinued journal Orchid Monographs
and he is second author of the CD-ROM series Flora Malesiana: Orchids
of New Guinea.
documentation in electronic form
by Frank Slaughter Jr - USA
Brief description: To document its awards granting endeavors, the American
Orchid Society (A.O.S.) has accumulated more than 45,000 color slides.
Recognizing the perishable nature and educational value of its award
slides holding, subject to the availability of volunteer and financial
resources, the A.O.S. is attempting to scan its entire, growing award
slides collection. This talk will review how scans at 4000 pixel per
inch resolution are being made and how their color accuracy is being
safeguarded. Special attention will be given to how the use of ICC profiles
for digital scanners, computer monitors, printers, and digital projectors
contributes to achieving accurate color both in the acquisition and
use of orchid slide scans. The talk also will demonstrate custom software
that has been developed to automate deriving lower resolution images
from high resolution scans. Ready availability of color accurate, lower
resolution images supports A.O.S. publications, strengthens visual offerings
on A.O.S. web sites, and can better inform orchid judging decisions
by providing rapid access to comparative pictorial information.
Frank Slaughter, Junior is a retired academic
mathematician, former A.O.S. Trustee, and accredited orchid judge. He
chairs the A.O.S Technology Task Force, the research and software development
body in charge of the digital award slides scanning project.
BIBLIORCHIDEA - the Orchid Literature Database
by Rudolf Jenny - Switzerland
Literature is still playing a major role in science and research, on
one side because it is a documentation of research already done and
a demonstration of the results. On the other hand it is also a record
about recent research. At least for the time being, literature search
is a part of any scientific work or project. Whoever has done literature
search knows about the difficulties to reach an overview of the literature
in connection with a project in an acceptable time and with acceptable
effort. Computer technology today provides us with a large selection
of very helpful tools to limit time and effort for literature search.
BIBLIORCHIDEA was build up over a period of about 15 years as a database
about orchid literature in all its aspects, providing a fast and actual
access to books and articles about or in connection with Orchidaceae.
Special emphasis was given to taxonomy and systematics. Today BIBLIORCHIDEA
consists of more than 125'000 documents. Because of copyright regulations
BIBLIORCHIDEA is a collection of citations only, together with a extensive
list of keywords based on the “hard-copy” of the publication
in one of the most complete orchid literature collections worldwide.
The actual form of BIBLIORCHIDEA as it is accessible through internet
(www.Bibliorchidea.net), will allow the user different kinds of search
or also the connection of different search methods. These are:
direct search for author and co-author
direct search for the year of publication (selection direct or in a
bos or window)
search with text-input in the fields Title, Literature quotation, Editor,
Publisher, “Above species” and “Species and below”
direct search for new descriptions in the respective fields “Above
species” and “Species and below”
search for keywords by direct selection from the keyword catalogue as
single keyword or in connection with other keywords by using the connecting
terms and / or (Boolean connections)
enlarge the result by using one of the above mentioned methods.
restrict (decrease) the result by using one of the above mentioned methods
(“decrease to” and “decrease by” – functions).
Besides the search mechanisms, the software naturally allows the sorting
of results by different criterions and the printout as list of documents
or as single document with all the detailed information. The important
addition is the fact that all documents the user can find in BIBLIORCHIDEA
are also available as physical copy, hence a very fast access is guaranteed.
Rudolf Jenny, chemist by training, working with Orchids since more than
30 years, especially interested and active in the subtribes Pleurothallidinae,
Catasetinae and Stanhopeinae. Author of monographs of
Gongora, Sievekingia and Stanhopea. Author of the
worldwide most comprehensive database about Orchid literature BIBLIORCHIDEA.
kind of reproduction (print, digital or anyone other) of any
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and others - is strictly forbidden without previous written
permission by the authors.